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The Real Value of Handmade Lingerie: Part I - Direct Costs

This guest post is by Angela Friedman, independent lingerie designer and all around awesome lady behind Angela Friedman Lingerie. This two-part series will explore the real costs of handmade lingerie, as well as the true costs of running a handmade lingerie business. 

Angela Friedman Lingerie

Angela Friedman lingerie. Model Olena Mandryk, Photographer Nomi Ellenson.

Believe it or not, every garment you're wearing right now (or have ever worn, for that matter), was made by a pair of hands. Or several pairs of hands. But there are no magical machines that take in a bolt of fabric and spit out a robe! There are sewing machines but there are no sewing machine robots. So this leads to the ultimate question... Who made your lingerie? Don't worry, I won't begin a guilt-ridden tirade on sweatshops overseas, on underpaid and overworked laborers – we've all read the news headlines about conditions in factories overseas. We all know the true “price” of our fast fashion clothing.

But why then, are independent designers constantly asked, “Why are your designs so expensive?” At first, it was difficult for me to not take offense at the notion. It was never an attack on me personally, on the quality of my products, or on my moral integrity as a price-decider! But what I quickly realized was that people actually didn't know. In our modern world of technology, we have become completely removed from basic processes like building a house, growing food, and sewing clothing. People genuinely have no idea what time, effort, and money it costs to create a piece of clothing from start to finish.

First, a caveat: I'm an independent designer, and this is my experience. The process may be somewhat different for other designers, and certainly so for mass-market brands and clothing produced overseas. This is the experience of a small business, made in America. Here are the facts and figures at Angela Friedman, Inc.

Angela Friedman lingerie. Model Arden Leigh, Photographer Sean Beach

Angela Friedman lingerie. Model Arden Leigh, Photographer Sean Beach

Direct Costs

When you consider the price of a garment, you're probably thinking about fabric and sewing. You understand that luxury materials cost more and that complicated designs take more time to produce. But there are more factors at stake: For example, independent designers also tend to be more open to experimenting with high-end materials, because they aren't bound by the limitations of a number-cruncher yelling “cheaper, cheaper, cheaper!” (I challenge you to find metallic French lace in the lingerie at your local mall!) Something else to consider is that fabric cost can pose a scaling problem: If I were a mass-market brand purchasing 5,000 meters of silk at a time, I would have a lot more negotiating power than I do with my limited resources. Of course I purchase in bulk whenever possible, but I don't always have the capital or the orders to justify an enormous expenditure up-front. That's just the reality of small business.

workroom process photo 1

Now someone actually has to create the garments. This is where I wish we had those sewing machine robots! It isn't as simple as it sounds: There is expensive machinery needed, many different people are involved in the process, and sewing lingerie can be very time-consuming. Some of my designs have literally dozens of pattern pieces, and each pattern piece must be sized properly, cut out of however many layers of fabric are used, sewn together, pressed neatly, and have edges finished and trimmings applied. This can quickly turn into many hours of labor, whether being performed by one seamstress or done in a factory, production-line style. This also brings us to the importance of ethical business practices. I can choose to pay a local seamstress a living wage, or I can choose to send the job overseas where I have little to no control over who does the work, how much (or how little) they may be paid, or what their work conditions consist of. (I choose to do all of my production in New York.)

workroom process photo 2

Here are just some of the direct costs that go into the production of a single garment:

-fabric, linings, and hardware (like bra hook-and-eye and garter clips)

-elastic and thread

-custom labels and hang tags

-labor for drafting patterns, scaling them to each size, and testing the fit (on a live model!)

-labor for cutting fabric

-labor for sewing pieces together, applying elastic, hemming, sewing labels, etc.

-labor for quality control, packaging, and shipping

It's pretty obvious how these direct costs end up in the final price of the garment. For my bra and panty sets, this section would already be in the $35-$50 range. Given those numbers, now you can start to see why I couldn't possibly sell a set for $50! More expensive materials (like silk or dyed-to-match trimmings) produce a more valuable garment. The same is true with production: Seamstresses generally charge based on an hourly rate, but their wages will amount to less than 1/8th of your final purchase price – at best. This is for American production. Just think of how much less a worker might be making in China, India, or Bangladesh.

Holly Jackson

The Full Figured Chest provides creative and elegant copywriting for the high end lingerie industry.

7 Comments on this post

  1. […] posted about the real value of handmade lingerie.  The Lingerie Addict posted two important blogs here and here which detail the aforementioned with defining accuracy but I still do not feel that it […]

  2. Moira Nelson says:

    Great intro into the Costing process…. You are so right… People simply don’t know. Fortunately, certain segments of the US population still value quality as well as domestic-made products. And I think that percentage is going to grow. I’m seeing shifts in the industry (ever so slightly, but they are there.) Keep doing what you’re doing! XO Moira

  3. Thank you all for reading! Pixie, thank you so much for your kind words. It can definitely be an uphill battle working in small business/manufacturing, but it’s also very rewarding!

    Mac, part two can be found here:

    There was just too much important information about costing to include in this article, that I didn’t have the space to get into trade secrets or copyright- Definitely another important issue to discuss! In the end, there’s little independent designers can do to protect their designs, even if confidentiality agreements are signed. (They are very expensive and tricky to uphold in court.) When I outsource my production, it’s done in a local factory, not in seamstress’s homes. And yes, there is always the possibility that someone will knock off my designs. But that’s just part of the business!

    Thanks for reading!

  4. Thank you for your article!
    Being an independent lingerie designer myself I completely understand how difficult it is to have people understand why handmade designs are so high priced. The lack of comprehending how much labor and financial investments it requires can be frustrating at times. However, I may consider myself lucky that there are people out there who can appreciate handmade designs and are willing to pay the price. They get something unique, made just for them, in the highest quality, most beautiful details and a perfect tailor made fit. No mass produced lingerie can match up to that!
    I wish you the best of luck with your label and look forward to reading more.

  5. Excellent article!
    So many people sadly do not understand the time, effort and capital that goes into producing a lingerie collection. Yes, customers can pop into a high-street store and pick up a lingerie set for x amount of money, but do they REALLY know if it was produced ethically? Small designers and brands offer the customer the opportunity to communicate direct with the founder behind the brand, so a relationship can be formed, and customers can request custom orders especially for them. How many high-street shops offer that?

    Looking forward to reading part 2 of this series!

    Fabulous information as always, thank you for the excellent read, Jenny – founder at Frantic About Frances x

  6. Mac Bailey says:

    Your article came recommended. Well written and informative! I was looking forward to part two, but the browser says ‘page not found’.
    Maybe you’ll expound upon how you handle protecting proprietary trade secrets while training your staff. Do you allow for them to craft from home or have you set up work stations at a central location? And what advice can you offer business minded individuals who have interest in pursuing a similar path in the fashion industry?
    (vested interest.)
    Thanks for sharing!

  7. Pixie Strong says:

    Hi Angela,
    I’d like to start by saying that I am a huge fan of your elegant and beautiful work.
    I think it’s a good idea to make known the value of your methods of practice – well done! Having worked in small businesses throughout my career I have found that the average end consumer often has difficulty understanding why producing this way adds to the overall costs.
    We are spoilt in an age where mass production has made the cost of most things drop dramatically, so one comes to expect that with all products.
    I am a huge fan of handmade work, and I will continue to promote its value. Keep up the good work Angela! Thank you for your informative article and I look forward to part 2!

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